- Dicembre 19, 2020
Until now, the two countries have only shared information about foreigners and permanent residents under a 2011 security agreement. The information exchange agreement will provide a closer look at how much time Canadians spend south of the border. The current annual limit is 120 days or 182 with special permission. Biographical information exchanges on immigration are expected to begin in 2013 and biometric exchanges in 2014. emphasizing the importance of a new concept of migration that takes into account global patterns of regular and irregular migration and the increasingly sophisticated methods of identity fraud and abuse of their respective immigration laws; Visitors from all other countries, regardless of the purpose of their visit to the United States, require a visa to enter. The most commonly issued U.S. visa is the B1/B2 or visitor visa, which also allows entry for business purposes (but no employment). Visitors entering the VWP do not require a B1/B2 visa; Entry into the VWP is intended for the same purpose. B1/B2 visas are generally valid for 10 years.
CONSIDERING that it is important to administer and enforce their respective immigration laws in order to protect the health and safety of their people, to preserve the security of their societies and to promote international justice and security by denying access to their territory to persons who are criminals or security risks; The same procedure would apply conversely when a third country national applies for a visa or applies for asylum in the United States. Starting in 2013, the Canadian government intends to introduce the use of biometric data by collecting photos and fingerprints for nationals of 29 countries and a territory applying for a visa, work permit or residence permit subject to the visa requirement. Through the automated and systematic exchange of biometric information, Canadian and U.S. authorities will be able to identify failed asylum seekers, deportees, previously denied resettlement applicants, and visa applicants from visitors attempting to enter our countries under a fraudulent identity. Even in the case of increased information sharing, Canada retains its sovereignty over admissibility decision-making. Canadian visa officers and border services officers will continue to review all information provided before making eligibility decisions in accordance with Canadian immigration law. On December 13, 2012, Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenney and U.S. AMBASSADOR to Canada David Jacobson signed the Visa and Immigration Information Exchange Agreement (the “Agreement”) to promote the Economic Security and Competitiveness Action Plan (the “Action Plan”), signed in 2011 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama. As part of the action plan, Canada and the United States committed to sharing information on immigration to improve border efficiency and security by identifying and verifying the identities of foreigners and identifying those who were not authorized as soon as possible. NOTE that timely access to up-to-date and accurate information is essential to inform assessments of ineligibility or other immigration-related findings that are essential to their common security; The adoption of the Immigration Information Exchange Treaty allows our two countries to systematically exchange information on third-country nationals applying for visas or applying to enter a country close to the country.
The treaty also provides an additional instrument for the regular and systematic exchange of information on asylum seekers in the country, which already takes place on a case-by-case basis under an existing Canada-U.S. agreement. The Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness Action Plan agreed to strengthen screening initiatives, including the systematic exchange of information on immigration and the electronic travel authorisation system, in order to